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In recent years, the personal injury and property loss caused by concealment, misstatement and omission of dangerous goods emerge in an endless trend.Dangerous chemicals are often confused with dangerous goods in customs declaration.The two concepts are similar and different, and their coverage is both overlapping and different.
According to the Regulations on the Safety Administration of Hazardous Chemicals, hazardous chemicals refer to those highly toxic chemicals and other chemicals that are toxic, corrosive, explosive, burning or combustion-supporting and are harmful to human body, facilities and the environment.
The dangerous goods classification and commodity code (classified, under GB6944) regulation, dangerous goods is a explosive, flammable, toxic, infection, corrosive, radioactive and other hazardous characteristics, in the transport, storage, production, management, use and disposal, easy to cause life or personal injury, property damage or pollution of the environment and need special protection of material and goods.
The difference between:
Dangerous goods contain substances and articles and have special requirements on packaging. Dangerous chemicals only contain chemical substances.Therefore, some dangerous goods do not belong to hazardous chemicals, such as lithium batteries, batteries, matches, car airbags and so on.
Ii. Judgment basis and classification
Based on the classification principle of The Global Uniform Classification and Labeling System (GHS), hazardous characteristics of hazardous chemicals are divided in o physical hazards, health hazards and environmental hazards with 29 items.
Explosive Desensitizing explosive flammable gas
Aerosol oxidizing gas pressurizing gas
Flammable liquids. Flammable solids. Self-reactive substances and mixtures
Spontaneous combustion liquid spontaneous combustion solid self - heating substances and mixtures
Substances and mixtures that give off flammable gases in water oxidizing liquids oxidizing solids
Organic peroxide metal corrosion
Self-reactive substances and mixtures
Spontaneous combustion of liquid
Spontaneous combustion of solid
Self - heating material and
Substances and mixtures that give off flammable gases when exposed to water
Acute toxic skin corrosion/irritation severe eye damage/irritation
Mutagenic carcinogenicity of respiratory or skin sensitized germ cells
Reproductive toxicity specific target organ primary contact specific target organ repeated contact
Severe eye damage/irritation
Respiratory or skin sensitization
Germ cell mutagenesis
The reproductive toxicity
One contact of specific target organ
Repeated contact of specific target organs
Harm aquatic environment harm ozone layer
Harm to aquatic environment
Ozone Layer hazard
According to the dangerous Goods Name List (GB12268), the dangerous Goods classification and The Number of the Dangerous Goods (GB6944), and based on the classification principle of the Recommendation on the Transport of Dangerous Goods - Model Regulations (TDG), the dangerous goods are divided in o 9 categories.
Explosive gas flammable liquid
Flammable solids, substances liable to spontaneous combustion, substances that emit flammable gases in contact with water oxidizing substances and organic peroxides toxic substances and infectious substances
Radioactive substances corrosive substances miscellaneous hazardous substances and articles include environmental hazardous substances
Flammable solids, substances liable to spontaneous combustion, substances that emit flammable gases in contact with water
Oxidizing substances and organic peroxides
Toxic and infectious substances
Miscellaneous hazardous substances and articles include environmental hazardous substances
The difference between:
In the classification principle of hazardous chemicals, many chronic hazards to health and the environment (such as carcinogenicity, reproductive toxicity, and germ cell mutagenesis) are not adopted by the classification standard of hazardous goods, so some hazardous chemicals are not classified as hazardous goods, such as boric acid.
Iii. Customs supervision requirements
In accordance with the regulation on the implementation of the People's Republic of China on import and export commodity inspection, the hazardous chemical materials safety management regulations, the original quality supervision, inspection and quarantine of import and export of dangerous chemicals and its packing inspection of the regulatory issues related to announcement (30 2012), and other relevant provisions, the catalog of dangerous chemicals (2015) of the products, belong to legal inspection goods.
The customs adopts the supervision mode of "port inspection + destination inspection" for the import of hazardous chemicals. The consignee or his agent for the import of hazardous chemicals, the consignor or his agent for the export of hazardous chemicals shall apply to the Customs for inspection.
The customs shall adopt the supervision requirements of "origin inspection + port inspection" for the export of hazardous chemicals.The consignor or its agent for the export of hazardous chemicals shall apply to the customs of the place of origin for inspection and inspection.
In accordance with the Law of the People's Republic of China on Import and Export Commodity Inspection and its implementation regulations.An enterprise exporting dangerous goods to produce packagings shall apply to the Customs of the place of origin for performance appraisal of the packagings of dangerous goods.An enterprise producing dangerous goods for export shall apply to the customs of the place of origin for an appraisal of the use of the packing containers of dangerous goods.
The customs carries out "place of origin inspection" on the packaging of export dangerous goods. After passing the inspection, the Customs issues "Inspection Result Sheet on the Performance of Outbound Dangerous Goods Transport Packaging" and "Inspection Result Sheet on the Use of Outbound Dangerous Goods Transport Packaging", commonly known as "two certificates".
The safe management of the production, storage, use, distribution and transportation of hazardous chemicals must comply with the provisions of the Regulations on the Safe Management of Hazardous Chemicals.
No matter whether the hazardous chemicals are listed in the List of Legal Inspection or not, they shall apply to the Customs for inspection and inspection according to law, among which those that export hazardous chemicals belong to dangerous goods shall also apply to the customs of the place of origin for the identification of packing and use of export dangerous goods.
The import and export of hazardous chemicals used as food or food additives shall comply with relevant provisions on food safety.
A certain hazardous chemical production enterprise exports a batch of xanthate. After inquiry, the product is not listed in the Legal inspection catalogue, but belongs to both hazardous chemicals and dangerous goods.
First of all, the enterprise shall purchase from the packaging production enterprise the packaging that has passed the inspection and obtained the Packing Performance Inspection Sheet of Outbound Goods transportation, and the packaging shall be completed according to the standard specifications.Apply to the customs of the place of origin for the inspection of hazardous chemicals, and apply for the identification of the use of the packaging containers of the batch of goods. After passing the inspection by the customs of the place of origin, obtain the corresponding electronic bottom account number and the Certificate of identification of the Use of The Transport Packaging of Dangerous Goods Leaving the country. After arriving at the port of departure, the goods shall be released after passing the inspection by the customs of the port.
Audit/Commodity Inspection Division, General Administration of Customs
Proofreader/Fu Junfeng zhu Wei
Editor/Wang Xiaodan and Liu Chang
Art Editor/Wei Hao, Chang Xiangjing
Article source: Customs release